Chapter 27: The Glory Departs

Chapter 27: The Glory Departs

 

From about 700 B.C., there are no further major chronological problems, both because of the proliferation of source material, and synchronisms with neighboring countries. Pharaoh Taharka of the 25th Dynasty ruled 690–664, and he is identified in the Bible as “Tirhakah king of Ethiopia” (2 Kings 19:9) who confronted Sennacherib, king of Assyria, who was campaigning in Judah at that time. He is accurately called king of Ethiopia because he was a Nubian king who had invaded Egypt. The word Ethiopia in the Bible is always translated from the Hebrew word Kush, meaning Nubia (Sudan) to the south of Egypt.

The Egyptians often referred to “wretched Kush” in their inscriptions, and they had made frequent forays into their country, but the Nubians had the last laugh. There were no strong Egyptian rulers at the time, and they were able to overcome all resistance and occupy the whole land of Egypt.

There is no record that Esarhaddon captured Taharka, but back home he tried to convince his people that he had. The prophets of Judah later predicted the ultimate downfall of Egypt, and Ezekiel wrote, “The Lord came to me, saying, ‘Son of man, set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt. . . . Speak and say . . . . I will put hooks in your jaws” (Ezekiel 29:1–4). This is what Esarhaddon claimed he had done because the stela he had made, a copy of which is just inside the door of the Cairo Museum, shows Esarhaddon holding two ropes, one of which is looped under Taharka’s chin, attached to an iron hook through Taharka’s jaw. This was apparently the way the Assyrians did things.

Read all the history in http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/utp/the-glory-departs

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